deutsch basketball

verlegte der Basketball-Weltverband war der Deutsche Basketball Bund. Der Deutsche Basketball Bund e. V. (DBB) ist ein Verband, der den Basketballsport in Deutschland organisiert. Die Geschäftsstelle hat ihren Sitz in Hagen. Angesichts der menschenverachtenden Demonstrationen der letzten Wochen und des.

It incorporates the silhouette of the legendary Jerry West based on a photo by Wen Roberts, although NBA officials denied a particular player as being its influence because, according to Siegel, "They want to institutionalize it rather than individualize it.

It's become such a ubiquitous, classic symbol and focal point of their identity and their licensing program that they don't necessarily want to identify it with one player.

The ABA succeeded in signing a number of major stars in the s, including Julius Erving of the Virginia Squires , in part because it allowed teams to sign college undergraduates.

The NBA expanded rapidly during this period, one purpose being to tie up the most viable cities. From to , the NBA grew from nine franchises to Following the season, the leagues reached a settlement that provided for the addition of four ABA franchises to the NBA, raising the number of franchises in the league at that time to The end of the decade, however, saw declining TV ratings, low attendance and drug-related player issues — both perceived and real — that threatened to derail the league.

The league added the ABA's innovative three-point field goal beginning in to open up the game. That same year, rookies Larry Bird and Magic Johnson joined the Boston Celtics and Los Angeles Lakers respectively, initiating a period of significant growth in fan interest in the NBA throughout the country and the world.

In the 10 seasons of the s, Johnson led the Lakers to five titles in eight Finals while Bird led the Celtics to three titles in five Finals.

Also in the early s, the NBA added one more expansion franchise, the Dallas Mavericks , bringing the total to 23 teams.

Later on, Larry Bird won the first three three-point shooting contests. Former league commissioner David Stern , who took office on February 1, , oversaw the expansion and growth of the NBA to a global commodity.

Michael Jordan entered the league in with the Chicago Bulls , providing an even more popular star to support growing interest in the league. This resulted in more cities demanding teams of their own.

Jordan and Scottie Pippen led the Bulls to two three-peats in eight years during the —98 seasons.

Hakeem Olajuwon won back-to-back titles with the Houston Rockets in and The team was elected to the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame , while 11 of the 12 players on the roster all but Laettner and three of the four coaches have been elected to the Hall of Fame as individuals.

In , the NBA owners began a lockout which lasted days and was settled on January 18, Since the breakup of the Chicago Bulls championship roster in the summer of , the Western Conference has dominated.

The Spurs reclaimed the title in against the Nets. In , the Lakers returned to the Finals , only to lose in five games to the Detroit Pistons.

After the Spurs took home the Larry O'Brien Championship Trophy in , the Finals featured two franchises making their inaugural Finals appearances.

The Miami Heat , led by their star shooting guard, Dwyane Wade , and Shaquille O'Neal, who had been traded from the Lakers during summer , won the series over the Dallas Mavericks in six after losing the first two games.

The Finals saw a rematch of the league's highest profile rivalry , the Boston Celtics and Los Angeles Lakers , with the Celtics winning, for their 17th championship, thanks to their new big three of Paul Pierce , Ray Allen , and Kevin Garnett.

The Lakers won the title by winning Game 7, 83— Two of which signed, and one resigned, with the Miami Heat, leading to a season that was heavily centered on their eventual success or failure at taking home the championship.

This was the Mavericks' first title. On July 1, , at Their success would continue into the following season, which concluded with their victory over the San Antonio Spurs in the NBA Finals.

The two teams would meet for a rematch in the following year's Finals, where the Spurs defeated the Heat in five games.

Off the court, commissioner David Stern retired on February 1, , exactly 30 years to the day from taking office.

He was succeeded by his deputy, Adam Silver. James led the Cavaliers to their second Finals appearance, where they lost to the Golden State Warriors in six games.

The dominance of those two teams continued in , when the Warriors, having signed Kevin Durant as a free agent, took the third straight Finals matchup between the two teams in five games, with Durant named Finals MVP, and again in when they went to a fourth straight Finals matchup.

The beginning of the season saw a record international players representing 42 different countries marking 4 consecutive years of at least international players and each team having at least one international player [25].

The Hornets temporarily relocated to Oklahoma City in for two seasons because of damage caused by Hurricane Katrina. The team returned to New Orleans in A new official game ball was introduced on June 28, , for the —07 season, marking the first change to the ball in over 35 years and only the second ball in 60 seasons.

However, many players were vocal in their disdain for the new ball, saying that it was too sticky when dry, and too slippery when wet.

Commissioner Stern announced on December 11, , that beginning January 1, , the NBA would return to the traditional leather basketball in use prior to the —07 season.

The change was influenced by frequent player complaints and confirmed hand injuries cuts caused by the microfiber ball. All teams will wear jerseys with the Nike logo except the Charlotte Hornets , whose jerseys will instead have the Jumpman logo associated with longtime Nike endorser Michael Jordan , who owns the Hornets.

The Federal Bureau of Investigation FBI began an investigation on July 19, , over allegations that veteran NBA referee Tim Donaghy bet on basketball games he officiated over the past two seasons and that he made calls affecting the point spread in those games.

Donaghy claimed in that certain referees were friendly with players and "company men" for the NBA, and he alleged that referees influenced the outcome of certain playoff and finals games in and NBA commissioner David Stern denied the allegations and said Donaghy was a convicted felon and a "singing, cooperating witness".

On alleged "star treatment" during Game 6 by the refs toward certain players, Beech claimed, "there does seem to be issues with different standards and allowances for different players.

Following a court case, the city of Seattle settled with the ownership group of the SuperSonics on July 2, , allowing the team to move to Oklahoma City immediately in exchange for terminating the final two seasons of the team's lease at KeyArena.

The first outdoor game in the modern era of the league was played at the Indian Wells Tennis Garden on October 11, , between the Phoenix Suns and the Denver Nuggets.

A referee lockout began on September 1, , when the contract between the NBA and its referees expired. The first preseason games were played on October 1, , and replacement referees from the WNBA and NBA Development League were used, the first time replacement referees had been used since the beginning of the —96 season.

The NBA and the regular referees reached a deal on October 23, The first official NBA league games on European ground took place in The —12 NBA season , scheduled to begin November 1, , with a matchup between the defending champion Dallas Mavericks and the Chicago Bulls, was postponed due to a labor dispute.

The lockout officially ended on December 8, , when players and owners ratified a new collective bargaining agreement, and the season began on Christmas Day.

After the —13 season, the New Orleans Hornets renamed themselves the Pelicans. During that season's playoffs, the Bobcats officially reclaimed the Hornets name, and by agreement with the league and the Pelicans, also received sole ownership of all history, records, and statistics from the Pelicans' time in Charlotte.

As a result, the Hornets are now officially considered to have been founded in , suspended operations in , and resumed in as the Bobcats, while the Pelicans are officially treated as a expansion team.

Donald Sterling , who was then-owner of the Los Angeles Clippers , received a lifetime ban from the NBA on April 29, , after racist remarks he made became public.

Becky Hammon was hired by the San Antonio Spurs on August 5, , as an assistant coach, becoming the second female coach in NBA history but the first full-time coach.

The NBA announced on April 15, , that it would allow all 30 of its member clubs to sell corporate sponsor advertisement patches on official game uniforms, beginning with the —18 season.

The sponsorship advertisement patches would appear on the left front of jerseys, opposite Nike 's logo, marking the first time a manufacturer's logo would appear on NBA jerseys, and would measure approximately 2.

The NBA would become the first major North American professional sports league to allow corporate sponsorship logos on official team uniforms, and the last to have a uniform manufacturer logo appear on its team uniforms.

On July 6, , the NBA unveiled an updated rendition of its logo; it is largely identical to the previous design, except with revised typography and a "richer" color scheme.

The league began to phase in the updated logo across its properties during the NBA Summer League , but it will not immediately be used on equipment or uniforms due to lead time.

The NBA also officially released new Nike uniforms for all 30 teams beginning with the —18 season. The league eliminated "home" and "away" uniform designations.

Instead, each team would have four uniforms: The NBA originated in with 11 teams, and through a sequence of team expansions, reductions, and relocations currently consists of 30 teams.

The United States is home to 29 teams and one is located in Canada. The current league organization divides thirty teams into two conferences of three divisions with five teams each.

The current divisional alignment was introduced in the —05 season. Reflecting the population distribution of the United States and Canada as a whole, most teams are in the eastern half of the country: Following the summer break, teams begin training camps in late September.

Training camps allow the coaching staff to evaluate players especially rookies , scout the team's strengths and weaknesses, prepare the players for the rigorous regular season, and determine the man active roster and a 3-man inactive list with which they will begin the regular season.

After training camp, a series of preseason exhibition games are held. The NBA regular season begins in the last week of October. During the regular season, each team plays 82 games, 41 each home and away.

A team faces opponents in its own division four times a year 16 games. Each team plays six of the teams from the other two divisions in its conference four times 24 games , and the remaining four teams three times 12 games.

Finally, each team plays all the teams in the other conference twice apiece 30 games. This asymmetrical structure means the strength of schedule will vary between teams but not as significantly as the NFL or MLB.

Over five seasons, each team will have played 80 games against their division 20 games against each opponent, 10 at home, 10 on the road , games against the rest of their conference 18 games against each opponent, 9 at home, 9 on the road , and games against the other conference 10 games against each team, 5 at home, 5 on the road.

The NBA is one of only two of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada in which teams play every other team during the regular season the other being the National Hockey League.

In more recent times specific positions evolved, but the current trend, advocated by many top coaches including Mike Krzyzewski is towards positionless basketball, where big guys are free to shoot from outside and dribble if their skill allows it.

Point guard often called the " 1 ": Shooting guard the " 2 ": Small forward the " 3 ": Power forward the " 4 ": Center the " 5 ": The above descriptions are flexible.

For most teams today, the shooting guard and small forward have very similar responsibilities and are often called the wings , as do the power forward and center, who are often called post players.

While most teams describe two players as guards, two as forwards, and one as a center, on some occasions teams choose to call them by different designations.

There are two main defensive strategies: In a zone defense , each player is assigned to guard a specific area of the court.

Zone defenses often allow the defense to double team the ball, a manoeuver known as a trap. In a man-to-man defense , each defensive player guards a specific opponent.

Offensive plays are more varied, normally involving planned passes and movement by players without the ball. A quick movement by an offensive player without the ball to gain an advantageous position is known as a cut.

A legal attempt by an offensive player to stop an opponent from guarding a teammate, by standing in the defender's way such that the teammate cuts next to him, is a screen or pick.

The two plays are combined in the pick and roll , in which a player sets a pick and then "rolls" away from the pick towards the basket.

Screens and cuts are very important in offensive plays; these allow the quick passes and teamwork, which can lead to a successful basket. Teams almost always have several offensive plays planned to ensure their movement is not predictable.

On court, the point guard is usually responsible for indicating which play will occur. Shooting is the act of attempting to score points by throwing the ball through the basket, methods varying with players and situations.

Typically, a player faces the basket with both feet facing the basket. A player will rest the ball on the fingertips of the dominant hand the shooting arm slightly above the head, with the other hand supporting the side of the ball.

The ball is usually shot by jumping though not always and extending the shooting arm. The shooting arm, fully extended with the wrist fully bent, is held stationary for a moment following the release of the ball, known as a follow-through.

Players often try to put a steady backspin on the ball to absorb its impact with the rim. The ideal trajectory of the shot is somewhat controversial, but generally a proper arc is recommended.

Players may shoot directly into the basket or may use the backboard to redirect the ball into the basket.

The two most common shots that use the above described setup are the set shot and the jump shot. The set shot is taken from a standing position, with neither foot leaving the floor, typically used for free throws, and in other circumstances while the jump shot is taken in mid-air, the ball released near the top of the jump.

This provides much greater power and range, and it also allows the player to elevate over the defender. Failure to release the ball before the feet return to the floor is considered a traveling violation.

Another common shot is called the lay-up. This shot requires the player to be in motion toward the basket, and to "lay" the ball "up" and into the basket, typically off the backboard the backboard-free, underhand version is called a finger roll.

The most crowd-pleasing and typically highest-percentage accuracy shot is the slam dunk , in which the player jumps very high and throws the ball downward, through the basket while touching it.

Another shot that is becoming common [ citation needed ] is the "circus shot". A back-shot is a shot taken when the player is facing away from the basket, and may be shot with the dominant hand, or both; but there is a very low chance that the shot will be successful.

A shot that misses both the rim and the backboard completely is referred to as an air ball. A particularly bad shot, or one that only hits the backboard, is jocularly called a brick.

The hang time is the length of time a player stays in the air after jumping, either to make a slam dunk, lay-up or jump shot. The objective of rebounding is to successfully gain possession of the basketball after a missed field goal or free throw, as it rebounds from the hoop or backboard.

This plays a major role in the game, as most possessions end when a team misses a shot. There are two categories of rebounds: The majority of rebounds are defensive, as the team on defense tends to be in better position to recover missed shots.

A pass is a method of moving the ball between players. Most passes are accompanied by a step forward to increase power and are followed through with the hands to ensure accuracy.

A staple pass is the chest pass. The ball is passed directly from the passer's chest to the receiver's chest. A proper chest pass involves an outward snap of the thumbs to add velocity and leaves the defence little time to react.

Another type of pass is the bounce pass. Here, the passer bounces the ball crisply about two-thirds of the way from his own chest to the receiver.

The ball strikes the court and bounces up toward the receiver. The bounce pass takes longer to complete than the chest pass, but it is also harder for the opposing team to intercept kicking the ball deliberately is a violation.

Thus, players often use the bounce pass in crowded moments, or to pass around a defender. The overhead pass is used to pass the ball over a defender.

The ball is released while over the passer's head. The outlet pass occurs after a team gets a defensive rebound. The next pass after the rebound is the outlet pass.

The crucial aspect of any good pass is it being difficult to intercept. Good passers can pass the ball with great accuracy and they know exactly where each of their other teammates prefers to receive the ball.

A special way of doing this is passing the ball without looking at the receiving teammate. This is called a no-look pass.

Another advanced style of passing is the behind-the-back pass , which, as the description implies, involves throwing the ball behind the passer's back to a teammate.

Although some players can perform such a pass effectively, many coaches discourage no-look or behind-the-back passes, believing them to be difficult to control and more likely to result in turnovers or violations.

Dribbling is the act of bouncing the ball continuously with one hand, and is a requirement for a player to take steps with the ball. To dribble, a player pushes the ball down towards the ground with the fingertips rather than patting it; this ensures greater control.

When dribbling past an opponent, the dribbler should dribble with the hand farthest from the opponent, making it more difficult for the defensive player to get to the ball.

It is therefore important for a player to be able to dribble competently with both hands. Good dribblers or "ball handlers" tend to bounce the ball low to the ground, reducing the distance of travel of the ball from the floor to the hand, making it more difficult for the defender to "steal" the ball.

Good ball handlers frequently dribble behind their backs, between their legs, and switch directions suddenly, making a less predictable dribbling pattern that is more difficult to defend against.

This is called a crossover, which is the most effective way to move past defenders while dribbling. A skilled player can dribble without watching the ball, using the dribbling motion or peripheral vision to keep track of the ball's location.

A block is performed when, after a shot is attempted, a defender succeeds in altering the shot by touching the ball. In almost all variants of play, it is illegal to touch the ball after it is in the downward path of its arc; this is known as goaltending.

It is also illegal under NBA and Men's NCAA basketball to block a shot after it has touched the backboard, or when any part of the ball is directly above the rim.

Under international rules it is illegal to block a shot that is in the downward path of its arc or one that has touched the backboard until the ball has hit the rim.

After the ball hits the rim, it is again legal to touch it even though it is no longer considered as a block performed. To block a shot, a player has to be able to reach a point higher than where the shot is released.

Thus, height can be an advantage in blocking. Players who are taller and playing the power forward or center positions generally record more blocks than players who are shorter and playing the guard positions.

However, with good timing and a sufficiently high vertical leap, even shorter players can be effective shot blockers.

Guards, for whom physical coordination and ball-handling skills are crucial, tend to be the smallest players. According to a survey given to all NBA teams, [ when?

While shorter players are often at a disadvantage in certain aspects of the game, their ability to navigate quickly through crowded areas of the court and steal the ball by reaching low are strengths.

It should be noted that players regularly inflate their height. Many prospects exaggerate their height while in high school or college to make themselves more appealing to coaches and scouts, who prefer taller players.

But I started in college at But you use that height, and the player gets mad. And then you hear from his agent.

Or you file your story with the right height, and the copy desk changes it because they have the 'official' N. So you sort of go along with the joke.

Thereafter, a player's team is solely responsible for their listed height, which can vary depending on the process selected. On rare occasions, some players will understate their actual heights, not to be repositioned.

Durants' reasoning was, "Really, that's the prototypical size for a small forward. Anything taller than that, and they'll start saying, 'Ah, he's a power forward.

The composition of race and ethnicity in the National Basketball Association NBA has changed throughout the league's history. For the season, international players comprised The same year, the racial breakdown of the NBA was: The first non-white player entered the league in But it is a black man's game, and it will be forever.

I mean, the greatest athletes in the world are African-American," said Bird. More recently, a number of commentators have remarked on the league's dwindling number of white American players.

During the entire —97 season, only three NBA teams did not field an American-born white; on the opening day of the —17 season, eight teams did not have a white American on their roster, and an additional 10 teams had only one.

These proportions have been suggested to be the result of basketball's relatively minor importance in white American culture. As of , white interest in the NBA remains the lowest among all racial groups, with African Americans and Asian Americans spending the most time watching basketball, followed by Hispanics of any race.

Variations of basketball are activities based on the game of basketball, using common basketball skills and equipment primarily the ball and basket.

Some variations are only superficial rules changes, while others are distinct games with varying degrees of basketball influences.

Other variations include children's games, contests or activities meant to help players reinforce skills. There are principal basketball sports with variations on basketball including Wheelchair basketball , Water basketball , Beach basketball , Slamball , Streetball and Unicycle basketball.

An earlier version of basketball, played primarily by women and girls, was Six-on-six basketball. Horseball is a game played on horseback where a ball is handled and points are scored by shooting it through a high net approximately 1.

The sport is like a combination of polo , rugby , and basketball. There is even a form played on donkeys known as Donkey basketball , but that version has come under attack from animal rights groups.

Beach basketball has grown to a very popular, widespread competitive sport. Spin-offs from basketball that are now separate sports include:.

Basketball has been adopted by various social groups, which have established their own environments and sometimes their own rules. Such socialized forms of basketball include the following.

Fantasy basketball was popularized during the s after the advent of the Internet. Those who play this game are sometimes referred to as General Managers, who draft actual NBA players and compute their basketball statistics.

Other sports websites provided the same format keeping the game interesting with participants actually owning specific players.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the sport. For the ball used in the sport, see Basketball ball. For other uses, see Basketball disambiguation.

Basketball star LeBron James attempts a layup shot. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

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April Learn how and when to remove this template message. Basketball ball , Basketball court , and Backboard basketball.

Personal foul basketball and Technical foul. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.

Race and ethnicity in the NBA. The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject.

You may improve this article , discuss the issue on the talk page , or create a new article , as appropriate.

January Learn how and when to remove this template message. One-on-One , a variation in which two players will use only a small section of the court often no more than a half of a court and compete to play the ball into a single hoop.

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Bei diesem epochemachenden Triumph wurde erstmals eine Auswahl online casino in california Vereinigten Staaten unter den deutsch basketball Bedingungen bezwungen, [2] da die Herrennationalmannschaft der USA nur mit College-Spielern im Alter von maximal 23 Jahren antrat. Von Nowitzkis Spiel beflügelt schied das deutsche Team erst im Halbfinale gegen den Favoriten Argentiniendie zuvor in der Vorrunde nicht nur Deutschland, sondern auch den uninspirierten Gastgeber USA geschlagen hatten, mit August um Neujahrslotterie 18 regulären Spieltagen hatten die zehn teilnehmenden Mannschaften den Meister ausgespielt. Durch die Nutzung dieser Website erklären Sie sich mit den Nutzungsbedingungen und der Datenschutzrichtlinie einverstanden. Serbien Roter Stern Beste Spielothek in Lauthausen finden. Die live fußball ticker qualifizierten Teams wurden in die ProB eingestuft. Vereinigte Staaten Yale Univ. Möglicherweise unterliegen die Inhalte jeweils zusätzlichen Bedingungen. Nach dem Krieg gestaltete sich der Neubeginn des organisierten Basketballs in Deutschland schwierig. August bestritt die deutsche Basketballnationalmannschaft in Helsinki gegen Finnland das Vereinigte Staaten Chicago Bulls. Hier waren PolenÖsterreich und Luxemburg die deutschen Gegner. Erst nahm die Mannschaft der Bundesrepublik an der 7.

Deutsch basketball -

Nach der Viertelfinalniederlage gegen Spanien besiegte man in den Platzierungsspielen die damals erneut enttäuschende jugoslawische Basketballnationalmannschaft sowie Frankreich. Dort reichte es nach nur einem Sieg über Italien gerade noch für den Einzug ins Viertelfinale. Gleichzeitig wurden die zweiten Ligen Nord und Süd mit je acht Teams eingeführt. Vereinigte Staaten Chicago Bulls. Im Vorfeld des Basketballturniers bei den Olympischen Spielen in Berlin wurde vor allem aus Soldaten eine Nationalmannschaft aufgestellt, die allerdings erst in letzter Minute gemeldet wurde. Das erste Länderspiel mit deutscher Beteiligung fand am 7. Nach dem Krieg gestaltete sich der Neubeginn des organisierten Basketballs in Deutschland schwierig. Es gab jedoch noch hockenheim 2019 formel 1 Play-off -Begegnungen im heutigen Sinne. Bei diesem epochemachenden Triumph wurde erstmals eine Auswahl der Vereinigten Staaten unter den gleichen Bedingungen bezwungen, [2] da die Herrennationalmannschaft der USA nur mit College-Spielern im Alter von maximal 23 Jahren antrat. Erst nahm die Mannschaft der Bundesrepublik an der test deutschland. Möglicherweise unterliegen die Inhalte jeweils zusätzlichen Bedingungen. Vereinigte Staaten Oklahoma City Thunder.

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Weitere Bedeutungen sind unter Deutsche Basketballnationalmannschaft Begriffsklärung aufgeführt. Die Türkei gewann und die demoralisierten Deutschen verloren mit EM-Endrunden- Topscorer Nowitzki zudem das kleine Finale und landeten auf dem unglücklichen vierten Platz. September um Niebuhr war Lehrer an der dortigen Deutschen Schule. Patrick Femerling [1]. Die erfolgreichsten Mannschaften sind [11]:. Diese Regel galt 25 Jahre bis Das erste Länderspiel mit deutscher Beteiligung fand am 7.

Deutsch Basketball Video

Täuschungen - Eine der stärksten Waffen beim Basketball The Grads' players were unpaid, and had to remain single. He remained the only non-white player in league history prior to the first African-American, Harold Huntersigning with the Washington Capitols in All but one team in each conference are eliminated from the playoffs. A particularly bad shot, or one that only hits the backboard, is jocularly called a brick. Africa African Champions Cup. Zwei Jahre später werden zwei weitere Filme und eine Dokumentation mit einer Basketballthematik in den Kinos veröffentlicht. AnkaraAntalyaIstanbul. Retrieved March 22, Another shot that is becoming common [ citation needed ] is the "circus shot". Current season, competition or edition: In every round, the best-of-7 series follows a 2—2—1—1—1 home-court pattern, wem gehört red bull that one team will have home court in games 1, 2, 5, and 7, while the other plays at home in games 3, 4, and 6. In a man-to-man defenseeach defensive player guards a specific opponent. Enjoy the perks that guest users can't. Retrieved February 16, This is called a no-look trustly casino.

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The —99 season, which commenced only months later, was the first season after the shift to the current summer season format October—April.

This shift was an attempt to avoid competing directly against Australia's various football codes. It features 8 teams from around Australia and one in New Zealand.

The Women's National Basketball League began in Women's basketball began in at Smith College when Senda Berenson , a physical education teacher, modified Naismith's rules for women.

Shortly after she was hired at Smith, she went to Naismith to learn more about the game. Spalding 's first Women's Basketball Guide. By , the game had spread to colleges across the country, including Wellesley , Vassar , and Bryn Mawr.

The first intercollegiate women's game was on April 4, Stanford women played Berkeley , 9-on-9, ending in a 2—1 Stanford victory.

Women's basketball development was more structured than that for men in the early years. The International Women's Sports Federation included a women's basketball competition.

And in , the Amateur Athletic Union backed the first national women's basketball championship , complete with men's rules. The Grads toured all over North America, and were exceptionally successful.

They posted a record of wins and only 20 losses over that span, as they met any team that wanted to challenge them, funding their tours from gate receipts.

The Grads' players were unpaid, and had to remain single. The Grads' style focused on team play, without overly emphasizing skills of individual players.

By , the women's national championship changed from a three-court game to two-court game with six players per team.

Though it had shaky attendance figures, several marquee players Lisa Leslie , Diana Taurasi , and Candace Parker among others have helped the league's popularity and level of competition.

Other professional women's basketball leagues in the United States, such as the American Basketball League —98 , have folded in part because of the popularity of the WNBA.

The WNBA has been looked at by many as a niche league. However, the league has recently taken steps forward. The new television deal ran from to Along with this deal, came the first ever rights fees to be paid to a women's professional sports league.

Over the eight years of the contract, "millions and millions of dollars" were "dispersed to the league's teams. We're losing a lot of money among a large number of teams.

We're budgeting the WNBA to break even this year. Measurements and time limits discussed in this section often vary among tournaments and organizations; international and NBA rules are used in this section.

The object of the game is to outscore one's opponents by throwing the ball through the opponents' basket from above while preventing the opponents from doing so on their own.

An attempt to score in this way is called a shot. A successful shot is worth two points, or three points if it is taken from beyond the three-point arc 6.

A one-point shot can be earned when shooting from the foul line after a foul is made. The time allowed is actual playing time; the clock is stopped while the play is not active.

Therefore, games generally take much longer to complete than the allotted game time, typically about two hours. Five players from each team may be on the court at one time.

Teams also have a coach, who oversees the development and strategies of the team, and other team personnel such as assistant coaches, managers, statisticians, doctors and trainers.

For both men's and women's teams, a standard uniform consists of a pair of shorts and a jersey with a clearly visible number, unique within the team, printed on both the front and back.

Players wear high-top sneakers that provide extra ankle support. Typically, team names, players' names and, outside of North America, sponsors are printed on the uniforms.

A limited number of time-outs, clock stoppages requested by a coach or sometimes mandated in the NBA for a short meeting with the players, are allowed.

They generally last no longer than one minute seconds in the NBA unless, for televised games, a commercial break is needed. The game is controlled by the officials consisting of the referee referred to as crew chief in the NBA , one or two umpires referred to as referees in the NBA and the table officials.

For college, the NBA, and many high schools, there are a total of three referees on the court. The table officials are responsible for keeping track of each teams scoring, timekeeping, individual and team fouls , player substitutions, team possession arrow , and the shot clock.

The only essential equipment in a basketball game is the ball and the court: Competitive levels require the use of more equipment such as clocks, score sheets, scoreboard s , alternating possession arrows, and whistle-operated stop-clock systems.

A regulation basketball court in international games is Most courts have wood flooring , usually constructed from maple planks running in the same direction as the longer court dimension.

At almost all levels of competition, the top of the rim is exactly 10 feet 3. While variation is possible in the dimensions of the court and backboard, it is considered important for the basket to be of the correct height — a rim that is off by just a few inches can have an adverse effect on shooting.

The size of the basketball is also regulated. For men, the official ball is If women are playing, the official basketball size is In 3x3 , a formalized version of the halfcourt 3-on-3 game, a dedicated ball with the circumference of a size 6 ball but the weight of a size 7 ball is used in all competitions men's, women's, and mixed teams.

The ball may be advanced toward the basket by being shot, passed between players, thrown, tapped, rolled or dribbled bouncing the ball while running.

The ball must stay within the court; the last team to touch the ball before it travels out of bounds forfeits possession. The ball is out of bounds if it touches a boundary line, or touches any player or object that is out of bounds.

There are limits placed on the steps a player may take without dribbling, which commonly results in an infraction known as traveling.

Nor may a player stop his dribble and then resume dribbling. A dribble that touches both hands is considered stopping the dribble, giving this infraction the name double dribble.

Within a dribble, the player cannot carry the ball by placing his hand on the bottom of the ball; doing so is known as carrying the ball.

A team, once having established ball control in the front half of their court, may not return the ball to the backcourt and be the first to touch it.

A violation of these rules results in loss of possession. The ball may not be kicked, nor be struck with the fist. For the offense, a violation of these rules results in loss of possession; for the defense, most leagues reset the shot clock and the offensive team is given possession of the ball out of bounds.

There are limits imposed on the time taken before progressing the ball past halfway 8 seconds in FIBA and the NBA; 10 seconds in NCAA and high school for both sexes , before attempting a shot 24 seconds in FIBA, the NBA, and U Sports Canadian universities play for both sexes, and 30 seconds in NCAA play for both sexes , holding the ball while closely guarded 5 seconds , and remaining in the restricted area known as the free-throw lane, or the " key " 3 seconds.

These rules are designed to promote more offense. Basket interference , or goaltending is a violation charged when a player illegally interferes with a shot.

This violation is incurred when a player touches the ball on its downward trajectory to the basket, unless it is obvious that the ball has no chance of entering the basket, if a player touches the ball while it is in the rim, or in the area extended upwards from the basket, or if a player reaches through the basket to interfere with the shot.

When a defensive player is charged with goaltending, the basket is awarded. If an offensive player commits the infraction, the basket is cancelled.

In either case possession of the ball is turned over to the defensive team. An attempt to unfairly disadvantage an opponent through certain types of physical contact is illegal and is called a personal foul.

These are most commonly committed by defensive players; however, they can be committed by offensive players as well. Players who are fouled either receive the ball to pass inbounds again, or receive one or more free throws if they are fouled in the act of shooting, depending on whether the shot was successful.

One point is awarded for making a free throw, which is attempted from a line 15 feet 4. The referee is responsible for judging whether contact is illegal, sometimes resulting in controversy.

The calling of fouls can vary between games, leagues and referees. There is a second category of fouls called technical fouls , which may be charged for various rules violations including failure to properly record a player in the scorebook, or for unsportsmanlike conduct.

These infractions result in one or two free throws, which may be taken by any of the five players on the court at the time. Repeated incidents can result in disqualification.

A blatant foul involving physical contact that is either excessive or unnecessary is called an intentional foul flagrant foul in the NBA.

In FIBA, a foul resulting in ejection is called a disqualifying foul, while in leagues other than the NBA, such a foul is referred to as flagrant.

If a team exceeds a certain limit of team fouls in a given period quarter or half — four for NBA, NCAA women's, and international games — the opposing team is awarded one or two free throws on all subsequent non-shooting fouls for that period, the number depending on the league.

In the US college men's game and high school games for both sexes, if a team reaches 7 fouls in a half, the opposing team is awarded one free throw, along with a second shot if the first is made.

This is called shooting "one-and-one". If a team exceeds 10 fouls in the half, the opposing team is awarded two free throws on all subsequent fouls for the half.

When a team shoots foul shots, the opponents may not interfere with the shooter, nor may they try to regain possession until the last or potentially last free throw is in the air.

After a team has committed a specified number of fouls, the other team is said to be "in the bonus". On scoreboards, this is usually signified with an indicator light reading "Bonus" or "Penalty" with an illuminated directional arrow or dot indicating that team is to receive free throws when fouled by the opposing team.

Some scoreboards also indicate the number of fouls committed. If a team misses the first shot of a two-shot situation, the opposing team must wait for the completion of the second shot before attempting to reclaim possession of the ball and continuing play.

If a player is fouled while attempting a shot and the shot is unsuccessful, the player is awarded a number of free throws equal to the value of the attempted shot.

A player fouled while attempting a regular two-point shot thus receives two shots, and a player fouled while attempting a three-point shot receives three shots.

If a player is fouled while attempting a shot and the shot is successful, typically the player will be awarded one additional free throw for one point.

In combination with a regular shot, this is called a "three-point play" or "four-point play" or more colloquially, an "and one" because of the basket made at the time of the foul 2 or 3 points and the additional free throw 1 point.

Although the rules do not specify any positions whatsoever, they have evolved as part of basketball. During the early years of basketball's evolution, two guards, two forwards, and one center were used.

In more recent times specific positions evolved, but the current trend, advocated by many top coaches including Mike Krzyzewski is towards positionless basketball, where big guys are free to shoot from outside and dribble if their skill allows it.

Point guard often called the " 1 ": Shooting guard the " 2 ": Small forward the " 3 ": Power forward the " 4 ": Center the " 5 ": The above descriptions are flexible.

For most teams today, the shooting guard and small forward have very similar responsibilities and are often called the wings , as do the power forward and center, who are often called post players.

While most teams describe two players as guards, two as forwards, and one as a center, on some occasions teams choose to call them by different designations.

There are two main defensive strategies: In a zone defense , each player is assigned to guard a specific area of the court.

Zone defenses often allow the defense to double team the ball, a manoeuver known as a trap. In a man-to-man defense , each defensive player guards a specific opponent.

Offensive plays are more varied, normally involving planned passes and movement by players without the ball. A quick movement by an offensive player without the ball to gain an advantageous position is known as a cut.

A legal attempt by an offensive player to stop an opponent from guarding a teammate, by standing in the defender's way such that the teammate cuts next to him, is a screen or pick.

The two plays are combined in the pick and roll , in which a player sets a pick and then "rolls" away from the pick towards the basket. Screens and cuts are very important in offensive plays; these allow the quick passes and teamwork, which can lead to a successful basket.

Teams almost always have several offensive plays planned to ensure their movement is not predictable.

On court, the point guard is usually responsible for indicating which play will occur. Shooting is the act of attempting to score points by throwing the ball through the basket, methods varying with players and situations.

Typically, a player faces the basket with both feet facing the basket. A player will rest the ball on the fingertips of the dominant hand the shooting arm slightly above the head, with the other hand supporting the side of the ball.

The ball is usually shot by jumping though not always and extending the shooting arm. The shooting arm, fully extended with the wrist fully bent, is held stationary for a moment following the release of the ball, known as a follow-through.

Players often try to put a steady backspin on the ball to absorb its impact with the rim. The ideal trajectory of the shot is somewhat controversial, but generally a proper arc is recommended.

Players may shoot directly into the basket or may use the backboard to redirect the ball into the basket. The two most common shots that use the above described setup are the set shot and the jump shot.

The set shot is taken from a standing position, with neither foot leaving the floor, typically used for free throws, and in other circumstances while the jump shot is taken in mid-air, the ball released near the top of the jump.

This provides much greater power and range, and it also allows the player to elevate over the defender. Failure to release the ball before the feet return to the floor is considered a traveling violation.

Another common shot is called the lay-up. This shot requires the player to be in motion toward the basket, and to "lay" the ball "up" and into the basket, typically off the backboard the backboard-free, underhand version is called a finger roll.

The most crowd-pleasing and typically highest-percentage accuracy shot is the slam dunk , in which the player jumps very high and throws the ball downward, through the basket while touching it.

Another shot that is becoming common [ citation needed ] is the "circus shot". A back-shot is a shot taken when the player is facing away from the basket, and may be shot with the dominant hand, or both; but there is a very low chance that the shot will be successful.

A shot that misses both the rim and the backboard completely is referred to as an air ball. A particularly bad shot, or one that only hits the backboard, is jocularly called a brick.

The hang time is the length of time a player stays in the air after jumping, either to make a slam dunk, lay-up or jump shot.

The objective of rebounding is to successfully gain possession of the basketball after a missed field goal or free throw, as it rebounds from the hoop or backboard.

This plays a major role in the game, as most possessions end when a team misses a shot. There are two categories of rebounds: The majority of rebounds are defensive, as the team on defense tends to be in better position to recover missed shots.

A pass is a method of moving the ball between players. Most passes are accompanied by a step forward to increase power and are followed through with the hands to ensure accuracy.

A staple pass is the chest pass. The ball is passed directly from the passer's chest to the receiver's chest. A proper chest pass involves an outward snap of the thumbs to add velocity and leaves the defence little time to react.

Another type of pass is the bounce pass. Here, the passer bounces the ball crisply about two-thirds of the way from his own chest to the receiver.

The ball strikes the court and bounces up toward the receiver. The bounce pass takes longer to complete than the chest pass, but it is also harder for the opposing team to intercept kicking the ball deliberately is a violation.

Thus, players often use the bounce pass in crowded moments, or to pass around a defender. The overhead pass is used to pass the ball over a defender.

The ball is released while over the passer's head. The outlet pass occurs after a team gets a defensive rebound.

The next pass after the rebound is the outlet pass. The crucial aspect of any good pass is it being difficult to intercept. Good passers can pass the ball with great accuracy and they know exactly where each of their other teammates prefers to receive the ball.

A special way of doing this is passing the ball without looking at the receiving teammate. This is called a no-look pass. Another advanced style of passing is the behind-the-back pass , which, as the description implies, involves throwing the ball behind the passer's back to a teammate.

Although some players can perform such a pass effectively, many coaches discourage no-look or behind-the-back passes, believing them to be difficult to control and more likely to result in turnovers or violations.

Dribbling is the act of bouncing the ball continuously with one hand, and is a requirement for a player to take steps with the ball. To dribble, a player pushes the ball down towards the ground with the fingertips rather than patting it; this ensures greater control.

When dribbling past an opponent, the dribbler should dribble with the hand farthest from the opponent, making it more difficult for the defensive player to get to the ball.

It is therefore important for a player to be able to dribble competently with both hands. Good dribblers or "ball handlers" tend to bounce the ball low to the ground, reducing the distance of travel of the ball from the floor to the hand, making it more difficult for the defender to "steal" the ball.

Good ball handlers frequently dribble behind their backs, between their legs, and switch directions suddenly, making a less predictable dribbling pattern that is more difficult to defend against.

This is called a crossover, which is the most effective way to move past defenders while dribbling. A skilled player can dribble without watching the ball, using the dribbling motion or peripheral vision to keep track of the ball's location.

A block is performed when, after a shot is attempted, a defender succeeds in altering the shot by touching the ball. In almost all variants of play, it is illegal to touch the ball after it is in the downward path of its arc; this is known as goaltending.

It is also illegal under NBA and Men's NCAA basketball to block a shot after it has touched the backboard, or when any part of the ball is directly above the rim.

Under international rules it is illegal to block a shot that is in the downward path of its arc or one that has touched the backboard until the ball has hit the rim.

After the ball hits the rim, it is again legal to touch it even though it is no longer considered as a block performed. To block a shot, a player has to be able to reach a point higher than where the shot is released.

Thus, height can be an advantage in blocking. Players who are taller and playing the power forward or center positions generally record more blocks than players who are shorter and playing the guard positions.

However, with good timing and a sufficiently high vertical leap, even shorter players can be effective shot blockers. Guards, for whom physical coordination and ball-handling skills are crucial, tend to be the smallest players.

According to a survey given to all NBA teams, [ when? While shorter players are often at a disadvantage in certain aspects of the game, their ability to navigate quickly through crowded areas of the court and steal the ball by reaching low are strengths.

It should be noted that players regularly inflate their height. Many prospects exaggerate their height while in high school or college to make themselves more appealing to coaches and scouts, who prefer taller players.

But I started in college at But you use that height, and the player gets mad. And then you hear from his agent.

Or you file your story with the right height, and the copy desk changes it because they have the 'official' N. So you sort of go along with the joke.

Thereafter, a player's team is solely responsible for their listed height, which can vary depending on the process selected.

On rare occasions, some players will understate their actual heights, not to be repositioned. Durants' reasoning was, "Really, that's the prototypical size for a small forward.

Anything taller than that, and they'll start saying, 'Ah, he's a power forward. The composition of race and ethnicity in the National Basketball Association NBA has changed throughout the league's history.

For the season, international players comprised The same year, the racial breakdown of the NBA was: The first non-white player entered the league in But it is a black man's game, and it will be forever.

I mean, the greatest athletes in the world are African-American," said Bird. More recently, a number of commentators have remarked on the league's dwindling number of white American players.

During the entire —97 season, only three NBA teams did not field an American-born white; on the opening day of the —17 season, eight teams did not have a white American on their roster, and an additional 10 teams had only one.

These proportions have been suggested to be the result of basketball's relatively minor importance in white American culture.

As of , white interest in the NBA remains the lowest among all racial groups, with African Americans and Asian Americans spending the most time watching basketball, followed by Hispanics of any race.

Variations of basketball are activities based on the game of basketball, using common basketball skills and equipment primarily the ball and basket.

Some variations are only superficial rules changes, while others are distinct games with varying degrees of basketball influences.

Other variations include children's games, contests or activities meant to help players reinforce skills. There are principal basketball sports with variations on basketball including Wheelchair basketball , Water basketball , Beach basketball , Slamball , Streetball and Unicycle basketball.

An earlier version of basketball, played primarily by women and girls, was Six-on-six basketball. On July 1, , at Their success would continue into the following season, which concluded with their victory over the San Antonio Spurs in the NBA Finals.

The two teams would meet for a rematch in the following year's Finals, where the Spurs defeated the Heat in five games. Off the court, commissioner David Stern retired on February 1, , exactly 30 years to the day from taking office.

He was succeeded by his deputy, Adam Silver. James led the Cavaliers to their second Finals appearance, where they lost to the Golden State Warriors in six games.

The dominance of those two teams continued in , when the Warriors, having signed Kevin Durant as a free agent, took the third straight Finals matchup between the two teams in five games, with Durant named Finals MVP, and again in when they went to a fourth straight Finals matchup.

The beginning of the season saw a record international players representing 42 different countries marking 4 consecutive years of at least international players and each team having at least one international player [25].

The Hornets temporarily relocated to Oklahoma City in for two seasons because of damage caused by Hurricane Katrina.

The team returned to New Orleans in A new official game ball was introduced on June 28, , for the —07 season, marking the first change to the ball in over 35 years and only the second ball in 60 seasons.

However, many players were vocal in their disdain for the new ball, saying that it was too sticky when dry, and too slippery when wet. Commissioner Stern announced on December 11, , that beginning January 1, , the NBA would return to the traditional leather basketball in use prior to the —07 season.

The change was influenced by frequent player complaints and confirmed hand injuries cuts caused by the microfiber ball. All teams will wear jerseys with the Nike logo except the Charlotte Hornets , whose jerseys will instead have the Jumpman logo associated with longtime Nike endorser Michael Jordan , who owns the Hornets.

The Federal Bureau of Investigation FBI began an investigation on July 19, , over allegations that veteran NBA referee Tim Donaghy bet on basketball games he officiated over the past two seasons and that he made calls affecting the point spread in those games.

Donaghy claimed in that certain referees were friendly with players and "company men" for the NBA, and he alleged that referees influenced the outcome of certain playoff and finals games in and NBA commissioner David Stern denied the allegations and said Donaghy was a convicted felon and a "singing, cooperating witness".

On alleged "star treatment" during Game 6 by the refs toward certain players, Beech claimed, "there does seem to be issues with different standards and allowances for different players.

Following a court case, the city of Seattle settled with the ownership group of the SuperSonics on July 2, , allowing the team to move to Oklahoma City immediately in exchange for terminating the final two seasons of the team's lease at KeyArena.

The first outdoor game in the modern era of the league was played at the Indian Wells Tennis Garden on October 11, , between the Phoenix Suns and the Denver Nuggets.

A referee lockout began on September 1, , when the contract between the NBA and its referees expired. The first preseason games were played on October 1, , and replacement referees from the WNBA and NBA Development League were used, the first time replacement referees had been used since the beginning of the —96 season.

The NBA and the regular referees reached a deal on October 23, The first official NBA league games on European ground took place in The —12 NBA season , scheduled to begin November 1, , with a matchup between the defending champion Dallas Mavericks and the Chicago Bulls, was postponed due to a labor dispute.

The lockout officially ended on December 8, , when players and owners ratified a new collective bargaining agreement, and the season began on Christmas Day.

After the —13 season, the New Orleans Hornets renamed themselves the Pelicans. During that season's playoffs, the Bobcats officially reclaimed the Hornets name, and by agreement with the league and the Pelicans, also received sole ownership of all history, records, and statistics from the Pelicans' time in Charlotte.

As a result, the Hornets are now officially considered to have been founded in , suspended operations in , and resumed in as the Bobcats, while the Pelicans are officially treated as a expansion team.

Donald Sterling , who was then-owner of the Los Angeles Clippers , received a lifetime ban from the NBA on April 29, , after racist remarks he made became public.

Becky Hammon was hired by the San Antonio Spurs on August 5, , as an assistant coach, becoming the second female coach in NBA history but the first full-time coach.

The NBA announced on April 15, , that it would allow all 30 of its member clubs to sell corporate sponsor advertisement patches on official game uniforms, beginning with the —18 season.

The sponsorship advertisement patches would appear on the left front of jerseys, opposite Nike 's logo, marking the first time a manufacturer's logo would appear on NBA jerseys, and would measure approximately 2.

The NBA would become the first major North American professional sports league to allow corporate sponsorship logos on official team uniforms, and the last to have a uniform manufacturer logo appear on its team uniforms.

On July 6, , the NBA unveiled an updated rendition of its logo; it is largely identical to the previous design, except with revised typography and a "richer" color scheme.

The league began to phase in the updated logo across its properties during the NBA Summer League , but it will not immediately be used on equipment or uniforms due to lead time.

The NBA also officially released new Nike uniforms for all 30 teams beginning with the —18 season. The league eliminated "home" and "away" uniform designations.

Instead, each team would have four uniforms: The NBA originated in with 11 teams, and through a sequence of team expansions, reductions, and relocations currently consists of 30 teams.

The United States is home to 29 teams and one is located in Canada. The current league organization divides thirty teams into two conferences of three divisions with five teams each.

The current divisional alignment was introduced in the —05 season. Reflecting the population distribution of the United States and Canada as a whole, most teams are in the eastern half of the country: Following the summer break, teams begin training camps in late September.

Training camps allow the coaching staff to evaluate players especially rookies , scout the team's strengths and weaknesses, prepare the players for the rigorous regular season, and determine the man active roster and a 3-man inactive list with which they will begin the regular season.

After training camp, a series of preseason exhibition games are held. The NBA regular season begins in the last week of October. During the regular season, each team plays 82 games, 41 each home and away.

A team faces opponents in its own division four times a year 16 games. Each team plays six of the teams from the other two divisions in its conference four times 24 games , and the remaining four teams three times 12 games.

Finally, each team plays all the teams in the other conference twice apiece 30 games. This asymmetrical structure means the strength of schedule will vary between teams but not as significantly as the NFL or MLB.

Over five seasons, each team will have played 80 games against their division 20 games against each opponent, 10 at home, 10 on the road , games against the rest of their conference 18 games against each opponent, 9 at home, 9 on the road , and games against the other conference 10 games against each team, 5 at home, 5 on the road.

The NBA is one of only two of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada in which teams play every other team during the regular season the other being the National Hockey League.

Each team hosts and visits every other team at least once every season. From to , the NBA had the distinction of being the only one of the four major leagues in which all teams play every other team.

Fans vote throughout the United States, Canada, and on the Internet , and the top vote-getters in each conference are named captains.

Fan votes determine the rest of the allstar starters. Coaches vote to choose the remaining 14 All-Stars. Then, the top vote-getters in each conference draft their own team from a player pool of allstars.

The top vote-getter in the league earns first pick and so forth. The player with the best performance during the game is rewarded with a Game MVP award.

Other attractions of the All-Star break include the Rising Stars Challenge originally Rookie Challenge , where the top rookies and second-year players in the NBA play in a 5-on-5 basketball game, with the current format pitting U.

These other attractions have varying names which include the names of the various sponsors who have paid for naming rights.

Shortly after the All-Star break is the trade deadline , which is set to fall on the 16th Thursday of the season usually in February at 3pm Eastern Time.

Major trades are often completed right before the trading deadline, making that day a hectic time for general managers. Around the middle of April, the regular season ends.

It is during this time that voting begins for individual awards, as well as the selection of the honorary, league-wide, post-season teams. The Sixth Man of the Year Award is given to the best player coming off the bench must have more games coming off the bench than actual games started.

The Rookie of the Year Award is awarded to the most outstanding first-year player. The Most Improved Player Award is awarded to the player who is deemed to have shown the most improvement from the previous season.

The Defensive Player of the Year Award is awarded to the league's best defender. The Coach of the Year Award is awarded to the coach that has made the most positive difference to a team.

The Most Valuable Player Award is given to the player deemed the most valuable for his team that season. Additionally, Sporting News awards an unofficial but widely recognized Executive of the Year Award to the general manager who is adjudged to have performed the best job for the benefit of his franchise.

There are three All-NBA teams, consisting of the top players at each position, with first-team status being the most desirable. There are two All-Defensive teams, consisting of the top defenders at each position.

There are also two All-Rookie teams, consisting of the top first-year players regardless of position. The NBA Playoffs begin in late April, with the top eight teams in each conference, regardless of divisional alignment, competing for the Championship.

Seeds are awarded in strict order of regular-season record with a tiebreaker system used as needed. Having a higher seed offers several advantages.

Since the first seed begins the playoffs playing against the eighth seed, the second seed plays the seventh seed, the third seed plays the sixth seed, and the fourth seed plays the fifth seed, having a higher seed means a team faces a weaker team in the first round.

The team in each series with the better record has home court advantage, including the First Round.

Before the league changed its playoff determination format for the —07 season, this meant that, for example, if the team that received the 6 seed had a better record than the team with the 3 seed by virtue of a divisional championship , the 6 seed would have home court advantage, even though the other team had a higher seed.

Therefore, the team with the best regular season record in the league is guaranteed home court advantage in every series it plays. For example, in , the Denver Nuggets won 44 games and captured the Northwest Division and the 3 seed.

Their opponent was the 6 seed Los Angeles Clippers , who won 47 games and finished second in the Pacific Division.

Although Denver won its much weaker division, the Clippers had home-court advantage and won the series in 5. The playoffs follow a tournament format.

Each team plays an opponent in a best-of-seven series, with the first team to win four games advancing into the next round, while the other team is eliminated from the playoffs.

In the next round, the successful team plays against another advancing team of the same conference.

All but one team in each conference are eliminated from the playoffs. Since the NBA does not re-seed teams, the playoff bracket in each conference uses a traditional design, with the winner of the series matching the 1st and 8th seeded teams playing the winner of the series matching the 4th and 5th seeded teams, and the winner of the series matching the 2nd and 7th seeded teams playing the winner of the series matching the 3rd and 6th seeded teams.

In every round, the best-of-7 series follows a 2—2—1—1—1 home-court pattern, meaning that one team will have home court in games 1, 2, 5, and 7, while the other plays at home in games 3, 4, and 6.

From to , the NBA Finals followed a 2—3—2 pattern, meaning that one team had home court in games 1, 2, 6, and 7, while the other played at home in games 3, 4, and 5.

The final playoff round, a best-of-seven series between the victors of both conferences, is known as the NBA Finals , and is held annually in June.

Each player and major contributor—including coaches and the general manager—on the winning team receive a championship ring. The league began using its current format, with the top eight teams in each conference advancing regardless of divisional alignment, in the —16 season.

Previously, the top three seeds went to the division winners. The second most successful franchise is the Los Angeles Lakers , who have 16 overall championships 11 in Los Angeles, 5 in Minneapolis.

The San Antonio Spurs have five championships, all since Current teams that have no NBA Finals appearances:. As one of the major sports leagues in North America, the NBA has a long history of partnerships with television networks in the United States.

Currently in the U. Games that are not broadcast nationally are usually aired over regional sports networks specific to the area where the teams are located.

The National Basketball Association has sporadically participated in international club competitions. This tournament was won by the NBA invitee every year it was held.

It also has the highest share of black viewers with 45 percent of its viewers being black and only about 40 percent of viewers being white , making it the only top North American sport that does not have a white majority audience.

Below is a short list of foreign players who have won NBA awards or have been otherwise recognized for their contributions to basketball, either currently or formerly active in the league:.

On some occasions, young players, most but not all from the English-speaking world, have attended U. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Basketball Association of America. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. July Learn how and when to remove this template message. List of foreign NBA players.

See the respective team articles for more information. The Charlotte Hornets are regarded as a continuation of the original Charlotte franchise.

Because of this, the New Orleans Pelicans are no longer the same franchise as the original Charlotte Hornets. The Hornets were known as the Bobcats from — The New Orleans Pelicans were established in The Charlotte Hornets rejoined the league in List of NBA champions.

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